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General Information

Guam

Officially the Territory of Guam, is an island in the Western Pacific Ocean and is an organized unincorporated territory of the United States. The Chamorros, Guam's indigenous inhabitants, first populated the island approximately 6,000 years ago. It is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands. The island's capital is Hagåtña, formerly Agana. Guam's economy is mainly supported by tourism (particularly from Japan, Korea and Taiwan) and United States armed forces bases. Guam has something for everyone. Our unique Chamorro culture and language is a blend of Spanish, Micronesia, Asian and western influences over the last 300 years. We invite you to experience our history and living traditions with a visit to our historic sites or by sampling some of our delicious food.

Points of interest

  • Fresh Seafood - Fresh fish, octopus, and lobster are either grilled or baked with vegetables or fruit, sashimi, and in other imaginative ways unique to the Pacific. Best in the World - There are dives for all skill levels, and to suit all interests. And Guam is the only place on Earth with shipwrecks from WWI and WWII—the Tokai Maru and the SMS Cormoran–touch.
  • Best in the World - There are dives for all skill levels, and to suit all interests. And Guam is the only place on Earth with shipwrecks from WWI and WWII—the Tokai Maru and the SMS Cormoran–touch.
  • "Where America's Day Begins" - Has been a big draw for Japanese tourists (1 million annually), who get a chance to experience a little bit of Americana in the sun. As a result, Guam is considerably more developed and faster paced than its Micronesian counterparts. It has upscale shopping centers, golf courses and chain restaurants. It is the largest landmass in Micronesia and is the southernmost island in the Mariana chain. It has its share of natural wonders, with a limestone forest and high cliffs in the north and rolling hills and low mountains in the south.
  • Tumon Bay - Which has a number of highrise hotels and can be compared to a smaller version of Waikiki even more heavily geared towards Japanese tourists. Cheaper accommodations exist near the airport, especially around the village of Harmon. Be aware that Harmon hotels tend to be on the seedier side since Harmon is a mixed industrial/residential neighborhood. Many of the flights scheduled through Guam to other locations (especially in Asia) often require an overnight layover, so plan ahead. Some hotels offer airport pickup, as taxis can be quite expensive.
  • Chamorros (The Indigenous People of Guam) - Possesses a culture that is a cobbling-together of Micronesian, Spanish, and American cultures, but in general the people are gregarious and welcoming to visitors. Observe common courtesies and tend to err on the modest side, especially with clothing. Guam is also a melting pot of other Micronesian cultures, with local inhabitants coming from the Philippines, Japan, China, Micronesia, Korea, and other countries to find better opportunities.
  • A latte stone - Alarge pillar found on the Mariana Islands built by the ancient Chamorro people. They consist of a tall trapezoidal base (haligi) with a hemispherical stone cap (tasa) at the top with the flat side facing up. Standing in parallel rows of two to eight stones, they supported important structures in villages.
  • Cocos Island - A 100-acre island at Guam's Southern Coast surrounded by a clear, turquoise lagoon off the shores of Merizo accessible by glass-bottom boats. Besides being a favorite picnic/dining site, Cocos Island is the focus of international attention as a Spanish galleon wreak site which has yet to be recovered. Ten commercial divers and underwater archaeologists have been excavating the ocean depths since may 98.

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